Following a familiar Middle Eastern pattern, Syria is currently trying to dismantle the old Ba’athist socialist economy and build a private sector, leading to huge opposition from workers. Contradictory to what the World Bank have been saying, growth in Syria in fact dropped from 5.5% to 3% in 2007-09, rather than the 5-6% increase often quoted. Dealing with the country’s massive unemployment levels has become a real challenge:
‘High unemployment rates have serious negative consequences in terms of lost economic contribution, prolonging poverty, and fomenting discontent; even possibly social unrest.’
More analysis here.